The gall bladder is located under the liver and its main function in the body is to store the bile that is manufactured in the liver. Bile helps the body break down fats and the gall bladder acts as the major source. The gall bladder disease is a condition that inflames the gall bladder. It also causes obstruction, infections and stones in the bladder. There are different types of the gall bladder disease that include gallstones, cholecystitis, gangrene, chronic acalculous, sclerosing cholangitis, tissue growths, congenital defects and tumors among others.
The gall bladder disease is caused by many factors some of them being hereditary. People who have experienced the disease in their families are at a higher risk of contacting the same. As people get older, they are more prone to this condition as it mostly affects people who are sixty years and older. This condition is also gender influenced and most females who are fat, fertile and fair in complexion are at a greater risk of getting it. The diet that people consume also contributes to people contracting this disease. Fatty and sugary diets are linked with this disease. Obesity is another factor that has been linked to this condition.
The symptoms that have been linked to this gall bladder disease include nausea which maybe accompanied by vomiting. Pain may also be felt in the upper abdomen and it may last for several minutes or even hours. People may also experience back pain that may spread to the right shoulder. Abdominal bloating is another symptom of this condition and belching is also experienced. People suffer from gas and they become unable to tolerate fatty foods. Indigestion is also suffered and people will suffer from bouts of heartburn. Fever and chills also characterize this condition and it is important to seek medical attentions once they have been registered.
Treatment of the gall bladder disease varies with the stage of the disease. Surgery is highly recommended for a complete cure of this condition. This is known as a cholecystectomy and it involves the removal of the gall bladder stones. Bile acid therapy is another treatment that caters for those with mild symptoms of the disease. External shock wave lithotripsy also works for this condition and gall bladder puncture is administered. Other treatments for this condition include mechanical extraction, contact solvent dissolution, as well as bile acid dissolution.
Some of the preventive measures that maybe employed to curb the risk of the gall bladder disease include a change in lifestyle. People must feed on healthy foods that are low in fat content. Indulging in diets that are rich in fiber is recommended as they help control the solubility of the cholesterol present in the body. These include guar gum, pectin, oat bran, soy fiber and wheat bran. Fruits and vegetable must also comprise most of this diet as they help fight his disease. Research has shown that vegetarians rarely suffer from this condition. Drinking coffee frequently also helps in curbing this condition and people must engage in regular exercises.